Welcome back, Joe.
1. Maybe. You'll just hafta try it and see if you're getting adequate coverage on the back of your tiles. You want 100 percent. You can live with 80.
2. See #5.
3. Grout joints 1/8th" or larger, sanded; grout joints 1/8th" or smaller, unsanded. I use sanded until the joints are just too tight to force it in there.
4. See #5.
5. If you seal your tiles with anything or use a grout release, before you install or before you grout, you will not be able to enhance. Most enhancers are also penetrating sealers. You could enhance the tiles before you install them if you like.
You should do a very serious test of whatever product you elect to use to enhance or seal before you commit to using it on your finished installation. Testing requires waiting the entire recommended cure time after application.
I dunno what Homer has for an enhancer that I could recommend.
My opinion; worth price charged.